The Florentine Gothic-style bell tower
Construction began on the bell tower in the 14th century, in 1334 to be precise, based on a design by Giotto. It is the ultimate expression of Florentine Gothic style and is part of the monumental complex that includes the Cathedral and Baptistery.
It stands in Piazza Duomo, 85 metres high and 15 metres wide, with a square plan. It was designed in an unusual position apart from the complex, so as not to hide the dome, the design of which was entrusted to Brunelleschi 60 years later.
After Giotto’s death, the work was continued by Andrea Pisano and completed by Francesco Talenti.
The exterior cladding, with its unmistakable white, green and red marble, creates harmony among the monumental complex. Unique features of the bell tower include the sculptural reliefs and decorations, created by some of the best sculptors in Florence, including Andrea Pisano, Luca della Robbia and Donatello.
Francesco Talenti, who completed the bell tower in 1359, designed the structure that allows light to penetrate through the large windows at the top and the terrace with 360-degree panoramic views of Florence, which you can access by climbing 400 steps.