The “second Rome” in northern Italy
Aquileia, in the province of Udine, is a greatly important historical testimony of the Roman era. A colony founded in 181 BC, it was among the largest, most important cities in the Empire, earning it the nickname “the second Rome”.
Still today, it is rich in artefacts that tell the story of this ancient civilisation.
You can start at the Basilica of Santa Maria Assunta. Inside, the nave displays in all its beauty the ancient, perfectly preserved flooring, uncovered in 1909. Under the high altar, you can admire the amazing colours of the Fresco Crypt.
Near the Basilica is the Domus and Episcopal Palace complex: the museum protects the remains of one of the ancient Roman city blocks. The ruins of the Roman Forum, immersed in the surrounding landscape, are a stunning site. At the River Port on the Natissa River you can see one of the best-preserved Roman-era port structures.
Don’t miss the National Archaeological Museum of Aquileia and the Early Christian Museum, magnificent examples of Italy’s rich cultural heritage. Inside, you can explore mosaics, statues, sculptures and ancient artefacts.
After you have had your fill of culture, you can indulge in some outdoor sport activities by taking on the Alpe Adria “Radweg” cycle route, which connects Salzburg in Austria with Grado in Italy and also passes through Aquileia.