Skip menu

Rione Terra

Overview

Surrounded by the sea on three sides and extremely difficult to reach, the Rione Terra fortress was the site of the Roman colony of Puteoli in 194 BC. Today's regular urban layout bears witness to the layout of the ancient city, structured according to a system of orthogonal axes with two main streets: traditionally, the decumanus maximus of the colony is identified with the artery of Via Duomo, where it is still possible to see the ancient paving stones under the modern street; the cardo maximus is identified, instead, with Via del Vescovado.
As far as the republican period is concerned, little evidence has been found so far: sections of the city walls, which followed a course dictated by the course of the tuffaceous bank, as well as some rooms with polygonal tuff walls and barrel vaults made of tuff scales, found under the Episcopio.
Numerous buildings, granaries (horrea) and shops (tabernae), rebuilt in opus reticulatum in the Augustan period, were found along the decumanus in 194 BC; the highest level of the sites is occupied by a bath complex with opus sectile floors, while the foundations consist of large cisterns excavated in the tuffaceous bank of the hill. The buildings are connected to the street by a portico formed by opus latericium pillars on piperno base cubes, dating back to the time of Nero and Vespasian.
On the north side of the same decumanus, before arriving at the city temple, there is a public building whose original function is unknown, but which in late antiquity was used as a pistrinum (milling and bread-making workshop) and equipped with millstones made of leucitic stone, found on site.
On the south side of the decumanus, at basement level, is a large complex consisting of four side-by-side cryptoporticus, oriented North/South, with a rectangular plan and barrel vault, dating back to the first decades of the 2nd century BC. In the Augustan age, a fifth cryptoporticus was added, orthogonal to the others, oriented East/West and parallel to the decumanus maximus. From this area come the 'opera nobilia' sculptures, which formed a kind of museum itinerary intended to embellish the Augustan complex of the acropolis and which are now exhibited, together with other finds, at the Archaeological Museum of the Phlegraean Fields in Baia.

Rione Terra
Rione Terra, 80078 Pozzuoli NA, Italia
Website

Related articles

Islands
Procida: a crossroads of experiences for all the senses

Procida: a crossroads of experiences for all the senses

UNESCO
941237456

Discovering the archaeological area of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata

UNESCO
Cilento, between unspoilt beaches, wild nature and charming hamlets

Cilento, between unspoilt beaches, wild nature and charming hamlets

Sport
Campania: exciting panoramic flights over the Paestum archaeological park or Mount Vesuvius

Campania: exciting panoramic flights over the Paestum archaeological park or Mount Vesuvius

Nature
Campania Parks: sustainable tourism in the region's protected areas

Campania Parks: sustainable tourism in the region's protected areas

Art and culture
Campania: postcard-perfect sea and dizzying flavours

Campania: postcard-perfect sea and dizzying flavours

Mountain
View of Naples and Vesuvius from above

Travelling to the mountains from Naples: here's where to go

Tours and experiences
palace of caserta seen from above

Naples-Caserta, travel like a king

Cultural cities
Naples, an enchanting city of sea and culture

Naples, an enchanting city of sea and culture

Cultural cities
A 10.000-step itinerary around the centre of Naples

A 10.000-step itinerary around the centre of Naples

Cultural cities
2 days in Naples: the itinerary

2 days in Naples: the itinerary

Historical sites
The Catacombs of Naples

The Catacombs of Naples

Leisure
Anton Dohrn Zoological Station, the aquarium of Mare Nostrum

Anton Dohrn Zoological Station, the aquarium of Mare Nostrum

Islands
The Paths of Ischia

The Paths of Ischia

Islands
Le Fumarole

Le Fumarole: the steaming beach of Ischia, what a spectacle

Relax and wellness
The Thermal Parks of Ischia

The Thermal Parks of Ischia

Villages
Procida

Procida: the enchanted island of watercolour houses and turquoise sea

Food and wine
lo street food a napoli hero

Street food in Naples is the quintessence of wonders for the palate

Food and wine
In Campania, where food culture is a way of life

In Campania, where food culture is a way of life

Nature
Landscapes of Campania

Landscapes of Campania

Ops! An error occurred while sharing your content. Please accept profiling cookies to share the page.