Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence.
In typical marble of “national” colours: white, green and red, Piazza Duomo sets the stage for the impressive Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, now Florence Cathedral, the symbol of the city. Designed by Arnolfo di Cambio, upon its completion in the 15th century it was the 5th largest in the world and the largest in Europe.
153 metres long, 90 metres wide at the cross vault and 90 metres high from the ground to the lantern opening, from the outside it is opulent but homogenous, with geometric cladding alternating between the white, green and red marble slabs that are the hallmark of Florence’s monumental architecture. The interior is shrouded in an aura of simplicity all the way to the great dome, designed by Brunelleschi, frescoed by Giorgio Vasari and Federico Zuccari. From the top of the dome, you can enjoy spectacular views of the city.
Beneath the floor is the Crypt of Santa Reparata, where you can view the remains of the ancient basilica, probably among the largest early Christian complexes in Tuscia.
The different styles displayed by the Cathedral, from Gothic to Romanesque, bear witness to how long it took to complete.