In 2002, the museum was inaugurated in the historic centre of Nuoro, located in the 19th-century building that belonged to Giorgio Asproni, a 19th-century Sardinian politician and intellectual. The exhibition consists of archaeological materials that were previously kept in the Archaeological Cave Museum, acquisitions made by the Soprintendenza and donations from private citizens. Visitors can admire the rich palaeontological and archaeological heritage from the province, from the traces of vertebrates from Monte Tuttavista and the Corbeddu Cave to the collection of Neolithic everyday life objects. There are also various materials from Copper Age cultures, the Campaniform Vase and the Bonnanaro culture, together with the skeleton of Sisaia, found in the cave of the same name. Articles from the Nuragic, Bronze and Iron Ages have been found at the sites of Su Tempiesu in Orune and Sa Sedda 'e Sos Carros in Oliena, and there is also a reconstruction of the sacred spring in Oliena. The tour ends with the section dedicated to the Middle Ages and some objects from the Castello della Fava di Posada. The museum is currently undergoing an ambitious architectural enhancement project that will make use of innovative multimedia tools to develop a visit route in which educational presentations will be combined with advanced communication methods, immersive visualisations and 3D architectural reconstructions.