Salemi is a magical place with a long history of intertwining and contamination. Situated amidst green hills of vineyards and olive groves, it has seen various dominations over the centuries, from the ancient Elymians to the Greeks, from the Romans to the Byzantines, but its name derives from the Arabs: there are various hypotheses as to its meaning, but the village will tell you that the favourite one makes it derive from 'Salam: peace'. The Arabs brought spices here - saffron, cloves, cinnamon - and fruits - lemons, oranges and peaches - that became part of the area's identity. Worth seeing are the Norman-Swabian Castle, the Chiesa Matrice, the former Jesuit College, the Museum of the Risorgimento and the Museum of the Mafia. Lastly, among the many traditions, mention must be made of the devotional bread, which combines love for the land with the strong spirituality of its inhabitants.