In the heart of the Muscat production area, its origins date back to pre-Roman and Roman times, but with ancient defensive structures it retains only part of the medieval tower. But above all, Santo Stefano Belbo is fifth in La Luna and i Falò, the last novel written by Cesare Pavese, who was born here and to whom the town is devoted. His legacy is kept at the Foundation in his name, in the evocative setting of Piazza Confraternita, and in his birthplace. Some passages of the writer's most famous works hav been printed on book-shaped literary benches located throughout the town and the local area. Pavese is also celebrated here each year with the Pavese Festival, a festival of music, art, theatre and literature, with the Premio Pavese, which pays homage to the memory and eclectic activity of Cesare Pavese in five sections: publishing, non-fiction, translation, fiction and poetry.