Why is it called Piazza Venezia? It takes its name from Palazzo Venezia, the building constructed in the 15th century by Pietro Barbo and donated by Pius VI to the Republic of Venice for its diplomatic headquarters.
Today, the building is home to the National Institute of Archaeology and History of Art and the National Museum of Palazzo Venezia.
The square is dominated by the majestic Vittoriano, a monument dedicated to King Vittorio Emanuele II and the Unification of Italy. The monument houses the Altar of the Fatherland, named for the Unknown Soldier, in honor of all those who died in war. The people of Rome, ironically, like to call it "typewriter" or "wedding cake" because of its particular architectural shape. Inside is the Central Museum of the Risorgimento. Using the panoramic elevators you can climb to the highest point of the Vittoriano: the Terrace of the Quadrighe, where you can admire the beauty of the city. At a height of 80 meters, the gaze moves from the Colosseum to the Castelli Romani in a breathtaking view.