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Cinema And Theatre

These guidelines apply to cinemas, theatres, circles, theatre gazebos, arenas and shows in general, including travelling ones.

▪    Suitable information on prevention measures must be displayed, understandable also by foreign clients, with appropriate signs and information panels and via audio and video systems. Also, the staff should monitor and promote the compliance with the prevention measures by encouraging visitors to take responsibility for this.

▪    Suitable information on prevention measures which can also be understood by non-Italian speakers must be displayed.

▪    Spaces reorganisation and ordered access must be ensured in order to stop groups forming and ensure distances of at least one metre between users, with the exception of family members and those cohabiting or for those not covered by existing interpersonal distancing regulations. This latter aspect is a matter of personal responsibility. Where possible separate entrances and exits should be provided.

▪    Members of the same family, those cohabiting and those exempted by the current regulations are not required to respect interpersonal distancing rules.

▪    Access to facilities via booking is to be preferred and lists of bookings should be kept for a 14 day period.

▪    Body temperature can be measured and access denied to those with temperatures of over 37.5°C.

▪    Reception and cash desks can be equipped with physical barriers (e.g. screens) and electronic payment is to be preferred.

▪    Hand cleaning products must be made available for clients and staff in multiple locations, especially near the entrance.

▪    Seating layout must ensure minimum distances of at least one metre, both frontally and laterally, between spectators and require them to sit down. Family members and those cohabiting can sit next to one another, guaranteeing a minimum distance of one metre between them and other spectators and social distances can be reduced in the event of possible moveable plexiglass dividers between different groups of spectators.

▪    Any interaction between performers and the audience must respect health behaviour guidelines and, in particular, performer-audience distances of at least two metres.

▪    Staff must use suitable airway protection masks in both shared use spaces and when in contact with the public.

▪    All spectators must wear masks (the general regulations apply to children).

▪    For indoor shows, maximum numbers of 200 apply and for outdoor shows 1000 people with structures being set up to split up the audience.

▪    As regards common spaces used for everyday activities and training and exercises, individual guidelines must be referred to and respect for general health measures ensured.

▪    If food and drink is offered this must comply with the appropriate guidelines.

▪    All spaces must be frequently cleaned and disinfected with special attention being paid to common use areas and frequently touched surfaces handrails, light switches, lift buttons, door and window handles, etc.).

▪    Internal spaces must be aired frequently. As regards air conditioning, where technically possible all air circulation must be totally excluded. Where this is not technically possible natural air circulation measures must be reinforced and air filters cleaned when the air conditioning is switched off, to maintain adequate filtering/removal standards in line with Istituto Superiore di Sanità document technical guidelines.


In compliance with the above general measures, the following additional indications represent specific guidelines for lyrical and symphonic productions and for musical performances. It should be noted that, during the suspension of the shows, these indications are valid for the respective rehearsals.

▪    The entry and exit from the stage must take place wearing the mask, which can be removed during the artistic performance if interpersonal distances are observed. The entrance and exit has to take in an orderly manner, observing the interpersonal distancing and giving priority to those who will have to position themselves in the places furthest from the entrance (when exiting the stage, the order will be reversed).

▪    The orchestra teachers must observe an interpersonal distance of at least 1 meter; for wind instruments, the minimum interpersonal distance will be 1.5 meters; for the orchestra leader, the minimum distance from the first row of the orchestra must be 2 meters. These distances can be reduced only by resorting to physical barriers, including mobile ones, suitable to prevent contagion through droplet transmission.

▪    For brass instruments, each station must be equipped with a condensation collection tray containing disinfectant liquid.

▪    The members of the choir must observe a lateral interpersonal distance of at least 1 meter, and at least 2 meters from the other rows of the choir and from other subjects on the stage. These distances can be reduced only by resorting to physical barriers, including mobile ones, suitable to prevent contagion through droplet transmission.

▪    The mixed use of changing rooms must be avoided, and the orchestra members should arrive at the theatre already wearing their performance suit.


In compliance with the above general measures, the following integrating indications represent specific guidelines for the personnel engaged in theatrical and dance productions (artists, costume designers, make-up artists, director, assistants, producers, technicians, etc.). It should be noted that, during the suspension of the shows, these indications are valid for the respective rehearsals.

▪    Access to the facility hosting the rehearsals must take place in an orderly manner, observing the interpersonal distancing; the same distance must be guaranteed at the end of the rehearsals when exiting the structure.

▪    In the common areas that allow access to the artist's dressing rooms, the tailoring workshop, the make-up room / area and the premises / areas that house the lighting and sound management systems, the production office, etc. interpersonal distancing must be observed and passages to avoid interferences must be identified.

▪    The mixed use of dressing rooms is to be avoided except in the case that the adequate interpersonal distancing combined with adequate cleaning of the surfaces is ensured.

▪    The staff (artists, workers in the stagecraft laboratories and tailoring laboratories, workers in charge of setting up and dismantling the set design, etc.) must wear a mask when the activity does not allow to observe the interpersonal distancing. This measure is not applied for families, cohabitants and people who, according to the current provisions, are not subject to interpersonal distancing (this last aspect pertains to individual responsibility).

▪    For the preparation of the artists, make-up and hairstyle, the indications provided for the reference sectors are applied; with regard to the dressing, for the period of time in which the operator and the actor have to keep a distance less than 1 meter, they must wear an airway protection mask, and the operator must also wear gloves.

▪    Any objects used for the scene must be handled by the actors wearing gloves.

▪    The stage costumes must be individual; they cannot be shared by individual artists before they have been sanitized.


In addition to the general measures and those established for theatrical productions, given the specificity of the dance activities, it is believed that further measures regarding this discipline should be specified.
Given that the main measures of contagion prevention (distancing, hand and surface hygiene and the prevention of the dispersion of droplets through the use of masks and visors) are difficult to implement in the activity of dancing, also other mitigation measures must be taken into consideration. These are defined by the individual companies and borrowed from the protocols for sports training developed for the professional team sportsmen, to which the "dancers" category can be considered comparable.

In general, the training / shows of a dance company usually take place in a special structure (the rehearsal room or the stage) similar to a gym.

In particular, the following measures must be implemented:

▪    the reduction of the total number of people (including possible persons accompanying the dancers) also through shifts;

▪    the reorganization of the activities and of the training, also using remote connection tools;

▪    the obligation, for the dancers, when not directly engaged in the training / show, to keep the distance of at least 1 meter between one another and between them and the other operators present, and to wear a mask.