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The Italy of Novello

Between the end of October and the beginning of November everywhere in Italy, from the nord to the south, festivals and feasts have the same denominator: New wine (The Novello). 
One of Bacchus’s excellence, this red wine provided with an intense color and with strong fragrances is the first wine coming from the grape harvest and it is served during the first days of November. 
In our peninsula the New wine production covers almost the entire national territory, islands included, and are used especially black grapes; however the best grapes are AglianicoCannonauBarberaMerlotNero d'Avola, CorvinaRefoscoCabernetSauvignon and Sangiovese
Its peculiarity is the process of wine making, called “carbonic maceration” during which the whole grapes are fermented. The law imposes to use at least the 30% of wine obtained with this technique. It is an accurate process that consists in pumping carbon dioxide into steel containers filled with whole grape clusters and then raise the temperature up to 35°.

The  grape clusters are left in fermentation from 5 to 20 days, during this period the sugars turns into alcohol, enhancing glycerol production.
Afterward the grapes are pressed and then starts the traditional fermentation for about 5-6 days. So this wine has at least 11 alcoholic degrees.

For this reason its alcohol is poly phenolic, this wine has to be drank young, its maturity sensitivity and fragrance  freshness are inclined to run out within just one year. That is why it is necessary not to age it too much and to drink it within 6-12 months. For this reason the deadline date to bottle this wine is the 31st of December of the same year of the grapes harvest. 
There are also some New wines that during the bottling are mixed with other wines and so they are more long-lived, in that case the wine may be drank until august. The New wine is now protected and promoted by the Italian Institute of Novello, that was established in 2000, the Italian New wine compared to the Beaujolais, its French ancestor, has an higher profusion of carbonic acid, a bright, dynamic and inviting red color,  and a velvet like softness that is easily palatable thanks to a few sugar traces.
Another peculiarity of this wine is that, according to a special law, it has to be sold after midnight on November the 6 of the same year of the grape harvest. It is possible to taste New wine during some special events from November the 5th : the midnight opening makes more and more exciting its “coming out”. Starting from the first week of november in Italy there are many events and fairs entirelly dedicated to New wine. Some events take place during one day or one night, in some other feasts there are real wine tasting tours that take place in orther to appreciate the local excellence and also the beauty of some spots.
Among the unmisseble events we would like to point out, "Saint Martin's day in Cellar: the New wine meets local products."   The religious feast of St. Martin is a milestone in the wine production process: the farmers, in fact, keep on saying that "in San Martin day each must becomes wine." On the second Sunday of November, in order to celebrate the birth of the New wine, many cellars in Italy open to wine lovers for an exceptional tasting of wines and seasonal products.

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Here after we report some of the events related to New wine

Taking place in cellars for Saint Martin's day:
The New wine meets the 'Belpaese' regional products also this year we celebrate "Saint Martin's day in Cellar", the wine and food events promoted by the Movimento Turismo del Vino, is held on November the 11th, close to Saint Martin's day. This event expects the opening of about 200 cellars in almost all Italian regions to share with wine lovers the pleasure of tasting New wine and many local products.
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In Vignanello "Festival of New wine and olive oil"   
In medieval Tuscia for The Feast of the Wine and Olive Oil historical evocations and delicious tastings, to enjoy New wine and gastronomy of Tuscia and also to watch the interesting Historical reenactment. From November the 4th to the 6th and from November the 12th to the 13th Vignanello welcomes tourists in a medieval atmosphere and cuddles them with music and entertainment, with comedians, jugglers, fire eaters and  typical products tastings like New wine and olive oil, roasted chestnuts and mulled wine.          
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In Dozza "Winegrowers in Wine shops and tasting stands"   
Weekends of wine tasting in the Regional Wine Cellar of Emilia Romagna from October  22nd to December 18th, the Regional Wine Cellar offers an idea to spend your weekend tasting the local products and discovering along with winemakers and sommelier the distinctive notes of the Emilia Romagna territory. On Saturdays you will be greeted by different winemakers that will introduce you their wines and tell you their stories. On Sundays you will taste and compare different vintages, territories and vinification methods.
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In Lombardy, " The Steam Train of New Wine "    
A trip to Clusane, discovering Lombardy outside the city walls on board of the "Trains of flavors", on November, Sunday the 6th, we point out the tour in Franciacorta. Traveling on historical trains built in the 20s, from Milan Lambrate station to discover the Lombardy outside the city walls with its natural beauties, art and food and wine festivals. Go on train to the town of Iseo lake and then from there you take a ferry to Clusane to have lunch there testing local products and New wine. 
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Bardolino, the Feast of the New Wine
In Piazza del Porto to celebrate the first wine of the harvest The New Bardolino, the first Italian New wine that received in 1987 the D.O.C. certification. And since that day on the first week of November this event is celebrated in Piazza del Porto. Also this year from November the 5th to the 6th this small town pay homage to this wine with Alpine songs and several food and wine stands.
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Puglia, Leverano, three days of celebration for the New wine    
From the 4th to the 6th of November in Leverano, Lecce Province, it is time for the fourteenth Edition of the appointment with the typical products of Salento, the "New wine Festival". For this occasion, as usual, the historic city center will become a big wine and food stand; in every street there will be set up kiosks where people can taste the typical Salento products. The protagonist of this event is the New wine produced in Leverano during the 2011 harvest.
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In Orsago, (Vicenza) "New wine on the streets" 
A Wine Food event to let people know the products and traditions of Veneto region. The 13th  edition of this Wine Food event "New wine on the streets" is held on October  29th, 30th, 31st and on November 5th and 6th. The event dedicated primarily to New wine also includes craft exhibitions, shows and plays for all ages. Lots of music and theater and the showing of the grapes pressing as it used to be done in ancient times. Walking around the stands set up in the square, it is possible to taste the giant kebab and the New wine.
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