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Bologna's Mortadella

Mortadella from Bologna IGP (Indication of Geographic Protection), is the most famous salame in the Felsinea gastronomic tradition (Felsinea from Felzna or Velzna, the name originally given to this Capital of Emilia Romagna by the Etruscans). 
History
A salame of centenary existence, its origins are mentioned in documents that date to the Renaissance. Numerous sources attest to the fact that the recipe for mortadella was codified by Cristoforo di Messisbugo, who was a sort of maitre d’ at the service of Cardinal Ippolito d’Este, as well as an author, who penned one of the first and fundamental treatises on historic gastronomy. 

Preparation
Mortadella of Bologna as it is prepared today is perhaps slightly different from that created by Messisbugo, but it does follow the precept as set by him to use only pigs’ meat. 
Not only, but it is prepared with meats that are very carefully-selected and worked according to a European disciplinary code. The meat is triturated and formed into a sort of paste that becomes very fine with the aid of special machines. 
After being passed through these machines three times, the meat is enriched with small fat cubes, taken exclusively from the throat of the pig, which is the most valuable and the hardest of the fat tissues. This mixture is then packed into a tube (of natural or synthetic materials) and cooked in large, hot, dry-air ovens, and successively cooled at high speed. Mortadella e rosetteThe mortadella is cut into varying sizes, from household or family size to that big enough to be displayed in the butcher shop window, or even much larger.  

Characteristics and Curiosities
Mortadella comes in a cylindrical form, and its consistency is compact and inelastic. Once cut, its surface must be a uniform, pink color interspersed with pearl-white squares of fat. The fat should make up between 15 and 28 per cent of the product. Typically aromatic, its taste is delicate and without any traces of having been smoked.  
Its typical zone of production goes beyond the region of Emilia-Romagna, also being produced in Piedmont, in LombardyVeneto, the Province of TrentTuscany, the Marches and Lazio.  
In Italy, about 18 million quintals (one quintal is equal to 220 pounds) of Mortadella is produced every year; known and exported all over the world, it is usually referred to as “Bologna.” Dressed up versions also appear on shelves – containing grains of salt, pepper or pistachios, or even flavored with garlic or truffle.

Recipes
Mortadella is ideal with a slice of bread, or as finger food, alternating with cubes of cheese, for example; it is also a fundamental inredient as filling in tortellini alla bolognese

The Consortium 
The Bologna Consortium for Mortadella, established in 2001, has as its objective to protect and valorize Mortadella Bologna IGB. In partnership with the Italian Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies, the Consortium promotes the official Mortadella Bologna IGP and enforces controls against imitations and forged meats. 
The Consortium's singular goal - on which it operates constantly - is to guarantee consumers a product that maintains its special characteristics, taste and quality, and that is of high nutritional value: made of complete proteins, minerals and unsaturated fats, and completely in line with the leanings of modern nutritional science.