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Terni

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Terni is not only the city of steel mills, iron and fire, but a community that hides away plenty of surprises in its millenary history.
A modern city that merges well with its ancient center, Terni is surrounded by scenes that have continued to enchant visitors over the centuries. A verdant terrain with Medieval villages (for instance, the lovely San Gemini), the wonders of nature are everywhere to be found, including the Marmore Falls and Lake Piediluco. 
Terni is also the city of St. Valentine, protector of lovers. 
Indeed the Basilica that preserves his tomb is an important destination for pilgrims, while every year the entire city holds grand celebrations for their patron saint, culminating in his feast day on February 14th. 

On the nearby mountain slopes (the tops of which are covered in snow in winter), and on the high grounds looking over the River Nera, age-old borghi, with their towers of stone, stand on guard. 
It is within the extraordinary, out-of-this-world landscapes of the last stretch of the Valnerina (literally the Nera River Valley), right after the tiny town of Scheggino, the the Province of Terni begins.
Numerous are the Provine's points of interest: Ferentillo, a hub for rock-climbing; Arrone, a departure point for canoe and rafting excursions; andCasteldilagoMontefranco and the Abbey of San Pietro in Valle.

The sheer size of the local stronghold - a castle commissioned by Cardinal Albornoz - dominates over the entire scene. Nestled on the underlying slopes is one of the best-preserved villages of Umbria: Narni, with its towers, fountains, and Gothic and Romanesque churches. Towns such as these provoke the ambience and emotion of a Medieval era that becomes all but real during celebrations like the Corsa all'Anello, a race and series of historical re-enactments taking place every late-April to mid-May. 
The entire territory around Narni offers similar experiences, from Calvi, with its traditional celebrations, to Otricoli, where the vestiges of one central Italy's most interesting ancient Roman cities are on view, i.e. of an amphitheatre and the Tiber River port. 
Dense woods and mountains, hills and olive groves, natural oases along the Tiber's flow, fascinating castles like that in Alviano and Giove, watchtowers and age-old villages where elegant Romanesque church facades and bell towers stand out like jewels from the skyline. 

Orvieto (Urbs Vetus, the old city), dominated by its Duomo, is the iconic image of this area, known and sought-out the world over. The Cathedral's facade and the wondrous frescoes by Luca Signorelli render this hilltop town one of the globe's most-appreciated touristic destinations. 

Not only, but right in the vicinity of famous monuments, discovery of a thousand hidden corners of the ancient Etruscan city awaits - its underground, the celebrated white-producing vineyards in its environs, castles and old abbey churches. Orvieto is also the capital of Slow Food, resulting in a high-quality culinary tradition. 

Terni is known as the “city of lovers,” due to the fact that the tomb of St. Valentine, the local Patron Saint, rests in the Basilica di San Valentino. Terni's other must-sees include the Gothic Church of St. Francis and a few archaeological sites, particularly the Fausto Amphitheatre dating back to 32 B.C. (inside the La Passeggiata city park) and the remains of the ancient walls. Terni is made up of many a remarkable edifice: Palazzo Spada, today the town hall, Palazzo Fabrizi and Palazzo Carrara are but a few of them. 
The city gates Porta Sant'Angelo and Porta Spoletina, the Cathedral crypt, the Romanesque Tower of Barbarasa and the Tower dei Castelli are all legacies left over from the Middle Ages. 

Outside Terni, other monuments are well worth a visit. Among them, be sure to see Orvieto's Duomo, the archaeological site of Carsulae, the town of Amelia, dating to the 3rd Century B.C.), and the ancient town of Narni, which became a Latin colony in 299 B.C., and eventually an important Roman town called Narnia. Narnia was once one of the most important crossroads of Roman Umbria. 
On the left bank of the Tiber, Otricoli still bears the vestiges of its Roman walls. 

The nearby Lake Piediluco is an alluvial basin, lying amidst the lovely Umbrian hills. The town dominates with its old Medieval fortress. Not to be missed are the Marmore Falls, formed by travertine deposits over the centuries, as well as several important museums: the Aurelio De Felice Museum of Contemporary and Modern Art (Terni), the Antiquarium in Baschi, and the National Archaeological Museum in Orvieto.

The entirety of Terni Province is ideal for all those keen on photography and archaeologyTerniOrvieto and Monteleone all boast panoramic views, monuments and museums that preserve priceless works of art. 

Wide, open spaces and grasslands are ideal for mountain biking and horseback riding. 
The area attracts sports enthusiasts who love hiking and exploring nature: the plantlife here ranges from poisonous plants, alpine flora, and orchids, while the fauna is just as varied. 

Birdwatching opportunities abound as well, above all within the nature reserve run by the WWF - more than 900 hectares hosting 160 different bird species, both migratory and sedentary. 

The presence of mountains makes mountaineering a popular activity here. Moreover, the local sports associations are very active in organizing canoeing and kayaking excursions along the rivers. 

Finally, many feast days and festivals are celebrated in the territory's towns and villages. The most important is St. Valentine’s Day, celebrated throughout the Province and enduring the entire month February with cultural events, exhibitions and food and wine tastings.

The Province of Terni can boast about 70 typical local products. 
Among the cheeses are the caciotta, a soft cheese, the sheep’s milk fossa cheese, matured underground or in caves, the Ravaggiolo, and the salted ricotta. 
Among the salami and cold cuts we recommend the Ciauscolo (a spread), the Mazzafegato (a local sausage) and the local prosciutto. 

The local types of pasta are the Strangozzi or strozzapreti, fresh, rectangular or square-cut pasta made without eggs. 
The local sweets can be found throughout the Region of Umbria: Castagnole (Carnival fritters), fried dumplings soaked in Alchermes liqueur or sprinkled with sugar or honey; mostaccioli, cookies sweetened with grape must or mostopanpepatopinolata (pine nut macaroons); and almond cookies known as tozzetti

The Province is also crawling with vineyards, thus resulting in a great variety of red and white wines: SangioveseMerlotMontepulcianoCanaioloCiliegiolo and 
Barbera. Among the white wines, we recommend the Malvasia, the Grechetto, and the Drupeggio. And L'Orvietano is one of the area’s most common wines. 

The Province is also an olive oil producer, and rich in that most precious of delicacies, the truffle.