A masterpiece of medieval town, rich in historical and artistic heritage as well as in ancient traditions, that can be found intact in its folklore and products. This is Gubbio, the oldest town in Umbria region, as shown by the Tables of Gubbio, housed in the City Museum, and the Roman Theatre's ruins.
The medieval district was outlined mainly during the fourteenth century, which marked the utmost developing period of the city, as shown i.e. by the magnificent Palazzo dei Consoli (Consular Palace), designed by Angelo from Orvieto. The imposing facade, divided into three sections by vertical pilasters, presents, at the opposite side, a staircase leading to the entrance portal. The palace overlooks an amazing hanging square, delimited on the other side by the Praetorian Palace.
It is worth a visit to the Cathedral, with its facade decorated with symbols of the Evangelists: eagle, lion, angel and bull. It is constituted by an interior with a nave, supported by ten large arches, with interesting works by Nucci and Ghepardi and “The Piety” by Dono Doni.
The Palazzo Ducale (Ducal Palace) rises in front of the Cathedral Dome. It is a Renaissance building built at the request of Federico da Montefeltro, designed by Francesco di Giorgio Martini from Siena. The study of the duke is reproduced exactly like the original, which is, however, exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum in New York. There is also a very beautiful inner courtyard.
While walking through the old town it is possible to see many craft shops and buy typical products related to the manufacturing of pottery, leather, iron, gold and embroidery.
The Christmas tree which is realised in Gubbio is certainly the largest in the world and it is listed in the Guinness Book of Records. The tree is realised by using the entire southern face of Mount Ingino, the mountain that dominates Gubbio, where 450 coloured lights are lain on the mountain side, powered by several kilometres of electric cables. A life-size nativity scene is also realised at the base of the mount in order to equal the grandeur of the tree.
The cuisine of Gubbio includes the intense taste of white truffles, a condiment sauce for all kinds of pasta, which, even today, are produced in strict compliance with ancient techniques. In addition to truffles, there are many other excellent products used for the preparation of tasty dishes based on meat, cold cuts, cheese and vegetables.