The Province of Trento lies to the south of the Province of Bolzano, coinciding with the geographic-historical area known as Trentino. The territory is mainly formed by mountains and valleys and bears amazing landscapes of rare beauty such as the Alps - which in this particular region are known as the Tridentine Alps - and the Dolomites, also known as the Monti Pallidi or Pale Mountains, reflecting as they do the colors of the sun.
This landscape abounds with singular natural treasures, among which are the famous Segonzano Pyramids, bizarre columns formed by high peaks that are in turn surmounted by boulders; and the spectacular Nardis Cascades in Val di Genova, white waterfalls that rush over contrasting black rocks. Beautiful valleys like those of Val di Fassa, Val di Fiemme and Val di Non run between the Dolomites, and are home to modern tourist resorts surrounded by breathtaking lakes, woods and pastures.
Trento is famous for the beauty of its landscape and the quality of its snow, making it a favorite destination for ski enthusiasts. It has excellently equipped ski hubs with hundreds of miles of slopes, particularly Madonna di Campiglio, Canazei, Cavalese, and San Martino di Castrozza. These localities are visited by tourists throughout the year, due to the fact that they offer so many opportunities for vacations amidst nature.
The southern area of Trento possesses a different but equally enchanting type of landscape, made up of such elements as a warmer climate, dense vegetation and the extraordinary Lake Garda.
However, nature and scenery are by no means Trento’s only attractions; it also thrives with art and culture: the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art (MART) in Rovereto serve as prime venue for many artistic and cultural initiatives. This area’s important heritage is visible in the architecture of its tiny villages, its castles, and many traditions, such as the typical Trento Christmas Market.
The first stop on a tour of the Province is Trento itself, famous for having hosted the 16th-Century Council that gave birth to the Catholic Counter-Reformation.
The city is dominated by its imposing castle, the Castello del Buonconsiglio, surrounded by strong walls that are one of the greatest monuments in the Region. The architecture of the city center shows a strong Renaissance influence visible in the Piazza del Duomo with the 18th-Century Fountain of Neptune at its center; then, Palazzo Pretorio and the Cathedral of San Vigilio were the venues for the Council of Trent.
The Dolomites are where visitors can witness the phenomenon of enrosadira or alpenglow, when the mountains take on mesmerizing rose hues under the light of the setting sun.
Nor should visitors pass up some of the area's vast and marvelous valleys, including the Valsugana, bountiful with lakes and important ski resorts, for isntance Madonna di Campiglio.
Particularly special are Cavalese and Canazei, while the 16th-Century fresco Dance of Death or Danse Macabre is preserved in the Church of San Lorenzo in Pinzolo.
Very much alive and rich in culture, the town of Rovereto is home to the MART - or the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art of Trento and Rovereto, while other museums in Rovereto include the Historical War Museum and the Castel Dante War Memorial.
Castel Beseno is another beauty of this area, overlooking the Val di Non from on high.
On the banks of Lake Garda, the village of Riva del Garda offers unusual landscapes, such as the breathtaking Rocca (the fortress), reflecting on Garda's clear waters.
The Tridentine Alps, as do the Dolomites, boast excellent tourist facilities, and places like Madonna di Campiglio, Presanella and Canazei offer the chance to practice a range of winter sports: Alpine and Nordic skiing, snowboarding, snowshoeing, hiking, climbing and trekking. Monte Bondone is ideal for walking and similar excursions, and lies only a few miles from Trento. Lake Garda then, is ideal for a number of water sports, especially windsurfing.
The area of Trentino also offers opportunities for relaxing vacations, thanks to its many thermal spas: Levico, Arco, Pejo and Torbole.
Foodies and gourmands can take on the Wine Routes or the unique Apple Route that wind their way through the Val di Non and Val di Sole, stopping to taste excellent wines and other typical products.
Throughout the year, many traditional festivals take place, such as the Feste Vigiliane in Trento, comprising various events for one week in June; the "battle for the conquest of Polenta; the Duck Palio on the River Adige; and the famous Christmas Market.
The summer is packed with events, and the many castles scattered throughout the territory become the settings for music, theatre and dance festivals. One of the most impressive traditional events is the Palio of Brenta, in Brenta Valsugana every last Saturday of August. Meanwhile, the Mountain Film Festival celebrates films dedicated to the history and evolution of mountaineering each spring.
The culinary traditions of Trento benefit from a variety of influences: polenta is originally from Veneto; goulash, canederli and a few other dishes are from Tyrol.
Other typical dishes are eel alla Trentina, pasta with beans, macaroni pie, and oven-cooked sausages, omelette (frittata) with flour and milk.
The area is also renowned for its many varieties of delicious apples, prunes, pears and grapes.
The Province is also known for its cultivation of apple varieties, everything from the tasty Golden Delicious, Granny Smith to Rennet and several others.
The best desserts of course are apple strudel and zelten (fruitcake). Amongst the wines we have Muller Thurgau, Marzemino, Moscato, Merlot, Casteller and Teroldego.