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Egadi Islands

The Archipelago of the Egadi Islands faces the western coast of Sicily and is formed by three larger Islands – Favignana, Levanzo and Marettimo – and a sprinkling of tiny islands and boulders (Isola di Maraone, Isola Formica, Isole dello Stagnone, Isola Galera, Isola Galeotta and Fariglione).Cala Rossa, FavignanaAlready known in Antiquity as Aegates (from the Greek Aegatae for “Island of Goats”), these islands assume great archaeological, historic and naturalistic interest, particularly due to their temperate climate and their spectacular natural endowments. It is easy to infer their allure for tourists from all over the world. 

Historic traditions, for example tuna-fishing, as well as immaculate beaches and water led to the creation of the Egadi Islands Marine Reserve in 1991. 
And prehistoric traces of ancient human settlements have been found on some of the islands. 

Favignana, in the form of a butterfly, is the largest island in the Archipelago. Its waters – where the Romans sunk 150 Carthaginian ships during one of the most important battles of the First Punic War – lead boaters to splendid coves, grottoes and tuff pits.
Levanzo, equally-rich in archaeological treasures, is well-known for its Grotta del Genovese that boasts graffiti dating back 15,000 years. Divers will also find magnificent views on its seafloor. 
Marettimo is the wildest of the islands, and has seen the least human presence. It is referred to as the Island of the Grottoes, given that it counts 400 of them among only those marine.
Formica is the smallest of the islands; it hosts a light house, an ancient and traditional tuna-fishing net and very old fishermen’s habitations that are now abandoned. 
The Maraone Scoglio makes up part of the island chain as well, but its population consists of seagulls; the seagulls fly over the same sea that for over a thousand years served as a repository for items such as the 1st-Century B.C. wine amphora that eventually came to light there.