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Enna

  • Description
  • What to See
  • What to Do
  • What to Taste

Enna is the heart of Sicily, a Province embodying all the features that make Sicily unique. 
We can walk among ruins and still feel the same vitality from past epochs, under the same blue skies. 
We can walk through the woods and discover enchanted places, taste unbeatable cuisine and still find the flavors of ages past.
We can amble for country fairs, learning the traditions of the people. 

Woods and pine trees, oaks and beech trees, havens of willows, elms and poplars color the uplands of a broad valley where the famous Sicilian oranges and lemons grow. 

Water basins big and small interrupt the green expanse, creating an enchanting scenery of intense blue hues of water lit-up by sunlight.
Enna is known as the “Province of Lakes”, the only Sicilian Province without an outlet to the sea; rather, it possesses the greatest number of ponds and laes.

Remnants of ancient reigns are scattered throughout the territory, as evidenced by the archaeological excavations that testify to the Greek-Roman period, the castles and Medieval towns, to the passage of the Normans, Swabians and Aragonese.
Precious architecture reveals the expansion of the Baroque from the eastern coast to the interior. 

This area is also abundant in flavor, and offers typical specialties that reflect the passion and dedication of man. 

A journey through Sicily, a pearl in the Mediterranean, is not complete without a stop at the window onto Italy, the “Belvedere” (or overlook) upon which ”clouds fly and the setting sun shines” (Guido Piovene). 

Enna is ideal as a voyage into both nature and ancient history.

Here, the populace's detailed historic memory harks back to the Roman period, and the unbelievable colors of nature that surround Piazza Armerina make it a great starting point from which to explore the rest of the Province. 

Here in the central piazza, we note forty splendid and perfectly-preserved mosaics embellishing the ancient domus, composed of various rooms that open out around the main courtyard lined as it is by eighteen marble columns (the peristyle. 
The Villa Romana is considered the best example of artwork from the Roman era, and has been proclaimed a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Enna Province exerts an irresistible fascination, especially with its ancient villages holding interesting surprises within. 
The Cathedral, designed by Orazio Torriani, can be sighted from afar, its majestic framework and dome rising up towards the infinite skies. Though its façade is sober and refined, it displays a finely-decorated portal, flanked on each side by three columns each, leading to two wide staircases. 

Not far away is Aidone, a village set on a hill, where the narrow streets, small stairs and courtyards weave an ancient urban fabric. 
Nearby we find Morgantina, one of the most important archaeological excavation sites. 
The remains of a theatre, residential buildings and farmhouses, all arranged around the agorà (the central square of the Greek polis), bear witness to Sicily's Hellenic period. 

Among the bright yellow hues of wheat and green fields of red poppy flowers, we enter the marvelous landscape of Lake Pergusa, where a curious purification process initiated by the lake's microorganisms periodically color the waters with reddish hues. 

In the Province's higher altitudes we can admire the picturesque borgoes, very typical for their ancient, narrow alleys and streets and art treasures. 

At Leonforte, architectonic mastery is linked to the name Branciforti. The Granfonte Fountain, with water bubbling from its 24 spouts, and the Palazzo Branciforti are worth visiting.
The Mother Church of Assoro is quite intriguing, along with the imposing Sperlinga Castle, with its houses clutching onto the rocks, similarly to the Cathedrals of Nicosia and Troina. 

Enna is located almost at the Sicilian Island's very center. It is dominated from above by the Lombardia Castle and its imposing towers, from which the view is enough to take one's breath waya. Queen Eleanor of Aragon laid the first brick for the Cathedral, rebuilt after the fire that almost completely destroyed it. 
The three overlapping bodies of the structure's exterior are evident as they rise majestically towards the sky. 
The three interior naves are marked by two colonnades that create a harmonious contrast with the light-colored stone of the overhanging arches. Surmounted by a 17th-Century wood ceiling, frescoes, sculptures and stuccowork form part of the sumptuous interior decoration.
 
Enna is also the seat of the Archaeological Museum of Palazzo Variano, with its rich collection of findings narrating the history of Enna, from the Brass Age to the Middle Ages. Finally, the Alessi Museum displays works of art and important archaeological finds. 

The thick woods and lakes characterizing this land are a great gift for those who wish to spend a vacation amidst nature.

Treks or strolls, rides on horseback or on mountain bike are the best ways to immerse yourself in these uncontaminated landscapes, with the possibility of relaxing on the green fields that mark out the lacustrine banks.

The Altesina and Scalpello Mountains and the Giangagliano Stream offer interesting nature itineraries penetrating into the rich vegetation that spreads out in the form of eucalyptus trees, pines, oaks and beech trees. 

Lake Pergusa is also extremely rich in bird fauna.
Herons, coots, wild ducks, buzzards and blackbirds attract the attention of the most passionate birdwatchers
The Lakes of Olivo, Pozzillo and Ogliastro offer charming ambience, especially towards evening, and especially for photographing beautiful sunsets. 

Motorsports fans will the Pergusa Autodrome, with its frequent rallies and historic automobile events. 

Enna is also the land of festivals, country fairs and historical commemorations. Ancient Ennese traditions never fail to make themselves heard or felt.
Nicosia is home to the Gara del Palio, in which all the confraternities of the city's 12 quarters contend for a trophy. 
And the Standard of Our Lady of Victory is the coveted prize for which the four Medieval quarters of Piazza Armerina compete during the Palio dei Normanni

Leonforte has dedicated particular attention to its specialties, of which the “Peaches and Typical Products Fair,” now in its 28th edition, is proof. Besides the abundant and delicious tastings, performances, games and parades are its main attractions.
 
If you visit Leonforte's center at night, check out the Regabulto Carnival, a festival of colors, masked characters and music. 

Local gastronomy is characterized by simple dishes with very rich flavors that reflect a prevalently agricultural zone (not only sheep farming, although such is the area's main focus). 

Vegetables, oranges and lemons, eggs and cheese, cleverly blended together, appear in many local recipes. 
Pasta with macco (mashed broad beans), cauliflower or broccoli, new beans, carrettiera-style or eggplants and tomatoes condiment pasta and other products from the land, creating a simple but perfect fusion that will please even the choosiest taste buds. 

Wild asparagus are a great local taste, and so are the slightly-bitter chicory and wild fennel that lend their own particular flavor to many of Enna's unique recipes. 

Baked or grilled pork, lamb and goat meat, and strong cheeses, of which the Piacentino and the cottage cheese stand out, complete the Ennese menu.

Not to mention, the fantastic biscuits and cookies like the vucciddati, stuffed with dried figs, honey, fruit candy and roasted almonds, or the cannateddi are very typical of Easter celebrations, where abundant meals are crowned with a Sicilian pastry and accompanied – if one so desires – by a little glass of limoncello, finocchietto or noceto liqueurs.