The ancient tratturi (singular tratturo) is one of the main features of the Molisan landscape, being the mountain grass paths that shepherds traditionally used two times a year (precisely at the end of the summer and the beginning of the spring) to move their herds from the Abruzzi mountains to the Plain of Apulias (and viceversa).
This migration was named Transhumance a word that literally means crossing the lands. The transhumance is a very old tradition, that was already performed in the pre-roman period and gradually became more popular over the centuries.
Tourists who walk through the same ancient paths on grass that once shepherds and herds used to follow, will get an idea on the way the transhumance was carried out: sheeps, cows and donkeys were equally distributed on both sides of the grass-paths and shepherds used them to transport the furnishing and fittings they would use once they had settle down at destination. Imagining the way this tradition was carried out is a good chance to better understand the nature of Molise, that is an Italian region with a very long history but not well known abroad yet.
The route connecting the cities of Pescasseroli (in Abruzzi) and Candela (in Apulia) is an extraordinary tratturo that runs across impressive, charming and wild landscapes for more than 200 kilometers. The very first place that a tourist discovers while walking through the tratturo is the village of Castelpetroso, that is located on the top of the Sannio Mountain.
The wonderful and quite undulating landscape, full of woods and treasures, hide several archaeological areas, artistic and religious, such as the Sanctuary of Saint Mary the Virgin Grieved with Pain. Proceeding across the tratturo, tourists arrive in Cantalupo that is a small village stands on the sides of the Maltese Mountain, then, they reach Guardiaregia through the plain of Bojano and finally they arrive in Sepino, that is an interesting site very well known for its Roman ruins.
There are many Tratturi that cross Molise from north to south and from east to west and tourists will have an insight on the local history and the unique culture of this region by walking down any of them.