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Isernia

Isernia, in Molise, stands upon a hill that offers a mix of outstanding natural scenarios and it is located near the border between the Regions of AbruzzoLazio and Campania. Surrounded by unadulterated scenery and small towns, Isernia plants its roots in its ancient history.Typical Street in Isernia - Photo by fedeabmo - Flickr
The city has suffered frequent destruction over the course of time: in fact, Isernia was sacked by the Saracens, brought to its knees by earthquakes and violently bombed during the Second World War.
In spite of these unfortunate events, the lower city has kept its original appearance, evidence by its quaint lanes and narrow alleyways. 

The Fraterna Fountain is one of the most interesting monuments in the city; it was built between the 13th and 14th Centuries and dedicated to Pope Celestine V, a distinctive native son of Isernia. The fountain bears a six-arch portico with six columns arranged on both sides of the central column.
The Cathedral as well is a monument of extraordinary importance; although it was destroyed by several earthquakes and rebuilt in the 18th Century, it still boasts a beautiful Byzantine-style icon, known as the Madonna of the Light

Then, the Cloister of Saints Cosma and Damiano rises on the ruins of an ancient pagan temple, and is a preferred destination for pilgrims (end of September). Finally, Isernia hosts one of the largest and most prehistoric areas in Europe, where many stone tools - probably used by Homo Aeserniensis - were found. Also near Isernia is a portion of the tratturi network; those in the Region of Molise are the most famous from Antiquity, and standing out among them is the Pescasseroli - Candela Tratturo. 

As if that weren't enough, Isernia's National Museum of Paleontology and Archaeology, located in the former Cloister of Santa Maria delle Monache, exhibits paleolithic finds brought to light during important excavations in the area.