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The Archaeological Site of Paestum

Located in the South-East of the Gulf of Salerno, in the Southern part of the Piana del Sele, Paestum is an archaeological site of extreme importance, recognised by UNESCO as part of the World Cultural Heritage, along with the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano
Paestum lies in the Comune of Carpaccio (Province of Salerno).PaestumFounded by the Greeks around the seventh century. BC with the name of Poseidon, the city was later occupied by Lucanians until 273 BC, when Rome made Poseidon a thriving colony, giving it its current name. 
The beginning of the Middle Ages marked its irreversible decline. 
In addition to the cultural value, the importance of Paestum is linked to the excellent state of conservation of properties starting from its walls, built by the Greeks and later strengthened by the Lucani and the Romans. 
The most striking thing is represented by the view of three majestic temples located in a green plain, which reflects a different light, depending on the hours and seasons. 
Many writers, poets and artists like Goethe, Shelley, Canova and Piranesi were fascinated by this sight, that later became their inspiration. 
These large buildings are a remarkable example of Doric style architecture. The Temple of Hera, dating to the sixth century BC, is the most ancient building. 
The Temple of Neptune
 (fifth century BC) is a huge construction made of travertine marble, in a warm golden colour that varies at different times of the day. It is a real jewel of Doric architecture: majestic and elegant. 
The Temple of Ceres (sixth century BC), actually dedicated to the goddess Athena, back in the Medieval times was transformed into a church and today it still houses three Christian tombs, placed against the outer wall. 
In summer time, a night walk in this magnificent scenary, with music and lights that liven up the route, offers the opportunity to steep in a unique atmosphere, surrounded by works of art showing the great civilizations of the past.