The Royal Palace, symbol of Caserta and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is one of the most important monuments of the Italian artistic heritage.
It was designed in the 18th Century by the architect Luigi Vanvitelli, according to the will of Charles III, Duke of Bourbon. The Reggia di Caserta (that is, the Royal Palace) is a real masterpiece of architecture and decoration and it houses many works of art.
While visiting its interior, it is amazing to look at the number of stucco works, bas-riliefs, paintings in fresco, sculptures, inlay floors that pass one after another.
Remarkable are the ones of Sala di Astrea (the Astrea Room) Sala di Marte (Mars) and Sala del Trono (Throne Room), the biggest room within the royal apartments, that was used as a reception room for important personalities.
The Pinacoteca painting gallery) is organised as a series of connected rooms, it exposes numberless still life and war events' paintings and some Bourbon family portraits.
In the “old” apartment is exposed the Bourbouns' crèche, the Family's great passion, and whence the Neapolitan tradition of the Nativity originated.
The palatina library makes up part of the Queen's apartments: the queen, refined woman of great culture, was possessor of a library elegantly decorated with reliefs and frescoes, such as that that reproduces the signs of the zodiac and the constellations, realized according to the drawings that Vanvitelli himself produced. The rooms dedicated to the four seasons are also very suggestive.
An integral aspect that shows the majesty and beauty of the Reggia di Caserta (Royal Palace of Caserta) is its wonderful Park. It is a typical example of an Italian garden: wide lawns, squared flowerbeds and, above all, a triumph of water games (dancing water fountains).
Along the central axis, basins, fountains and waterfalls, decorated with large sculptural groups, pass one after another. The result is a spectacular effect of great impact that reaches its peak with the Grande Cascata (Great Waterfall).
Then, the English Garden opens itself up to its beholder's eye - not as symmetrical as its Italian complement, requested by Maria Carolina d'Austria and bursting with indigenous and exotic plants, including the wonderful Cedars of Lebanon.