Campania is one of the regions of Southern Italy and stretches along the Tyrrhenian Sea, from the mouth of the Garigliano River to the Gulf of Policastro.
The mild climate, the beauty of the coasts, the richness of its art and history, and the love for food make Campania the fascinating territory that it is.
The journey begins with the sea, the region's uncontested queen, with its intense colors, its coasts that are crawling with bays, coves and rock faces.
The waters here boast the islands in the Gulf of Naples, Capri and Ischia - true natural masterpieces.
This region is made even more charming by the flourishing Mediterranean vegetation that alternates with its small, charming towns that narrate the history and traditions of Campania and make any stay here unforgettable.
And how can we forget the natural endowments that dominate this region: Vesuvius, gloomy and mysterious, loved for its beauty and feared for its power. Then, Naples, famous around the world for the intensity and passion of its music, but not only, mingles high-brow culture with the popular, the sacred with the profane, and the joyful with the melancholic.
Sorrento, a town that spreads over a terrace of tufo, seems to tumble into the sea. Throughout this view paradisical panorama, indented and inaccessible coasts weave their colors with those of small and hidden beaches, creating a unique and enthralling scenery. Here, the work of man is truly monolithic. The roughest areas are now made up of a series of terraces sloping down towards the sea, used for the cultivation of citrus, olive trees and vines. These gardens give off heady scents of oranges, lemons and orange-blossoms.
Music and entertainment, sun and sea, history and culture. Visiting places like Paestum; Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Torre Annunziata; the Chartreuse of Padula; and the Royal Palace of Caserta will all take you back in time and far away from the quotidian!
The provinces of Campania are: Naples (the regional capital), Caserta, Benevento, Avellino and Salerno.
Those who choose to spend their holidays in Campania are spoilt for choice thanks to the many opportunities offered by this region, but the five sites recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites certainly deserve a visit.
Naples strikes visitors for its liveliness, for the splendid colors of the sea, but also for its history that resurfaces from every corner of the old town center - the biggest in Europe, an authentic museum under the open sky.
Wherever you look, you can admire fascinating views, tabernacles, and Baroque churches and obelisks. You can see ancient crafts, from Nativity scenes (St. Gregory of Armenia) to the incomparable art of violin makers, up to the old Borgo degli Orefici. Countless are the itineraries to follow, from a visit to the castles, museums, and villas and historical palaces, or a tour among the many churches that contain sculptural and pictorial masterpieces of enormous artistic value.
For the exceptionality of the finds and their excellent state of preservation, UNESCO protects the Archaeological Area of Pompeii and Herculaneum, which were destroyed by the Vesuvius eruption of 79 A.D. The volcanic lava caused their destruction but, as it hardened, that very lava became an exceptional means to preserve all the extraordinary finds, brought back to light many centuries later.
A unique and singular perspective is offered from the Amalfi Coast: bays, coves and picturesque small towns, which miraculously cling to the mountain. The light blue tones of the sea, the green of the Mediterranean scrub, the colors and the lines of the small houses - all merge perfectly to create one of the most beautiful routes on the Italian coast. Sorrento, Amalfi, Ravello, Vietri sul Mare and Positano are some of the precious pearls that make up a "necklace" of small towns (12 altogether) on the coast. They look like small living Nativities, with their ancient alleys, arches and little squares that enchant visitors with their atmosphere, sounds and scents.
The Royal Palace of CasertaCaserta, the Royal Palace and Park, another UNESCO site, is a real masterpiece of architecture and decoration and a precious holder of works of art. Inside the Palace, visitors are astonished by the continuous succession of works of art, stuccos, bas-reliefs, frescoes, sculptures and intarsia (inlaid) floors. A colossal work: four courtyards, 1,200 rooms, more than 30 impressive staircases including the famous Grand Staircase with 116 steps, framed by a huge splendid park.
Archaeology, nature and traditions are the three distinguishing features of the Vallo di Diano and Cilento National ParkCilento, a crossroads for cultures and peoples since prehistoric times. A precious vestige of this region is Paestum, which boasts the three best-preserved Greek temples in the world: Hera’s Temple, the oldest; Neptune’s Temple, the biggest; and Ceres’s Temples, which were actually dedicated to the goddess Athena. In 540 A.D, the coasts of Cilento saw the landing of the Phocaeans, the founders of Elea (today Velia), an ancient town known as having been the residence of great philosophers like Parmenides. Be sure not to miss a visit to the Certosa of Padula, one of the largest monasteries in the world.
A landscape of rare beauty molded by the wind, the sea and man: these are Capri and Ischia, where vacationers can relax in complete tranquillity during the day and enjoy the best of fun and entertainment at night.
Campania proposes countless ways to live and discover the beauty of the terrain, a perfect harmony between history, culture, folklore and genuine flavors.
There are places where one can spend a holiday filled with knowledge, sport and fun, but above all, this is a place where one can feel regenerated and recover psycho-physical balance in one of the many spas.
Thermal spas are innumerable and special here because the volcanic phenomena of the past have given rise to several aquifers that still generate their thermal waters rich in therapeutic properties.
Typically, the best spas in this area are in Ischia, one of the pearls of the Gulf of Naples; thanks to its volcanic origins, Ischia boasts one of the best hydrothermal situations in the world. Modern and well-equipped spas offer a wide range of curative and beauty treatments surrounded by the magical scenery of this wonderful island.
Castellammare di Stabia, Pozzuoli and Sant’Angelo are some other places where you can devote yourself to the remise en forme of both body and mind.
Not only Ischia is in the magnificent background of the Gulf of Naples but also one of the most famous places in the world, Capri, the queen of social life and luxury, a meeting point for politicians, jet-setters and movie stars. A stroll through its famous piazzetta is a must if you want to revel in the heart of this charming and mysterious place.
Many are the wonders of this island and there are many ways to admire them: renting the famous and comfy gozzi fishing boats, booking a helicopter tour that flies over the whole Bay of Naples and the areas of Herculaneum and Pompeii, or, for those who prefer to keep their feet on the ground, booking a guided tour to explore the most beautiful places, learning about their particularities and curiosities.
The sea is undoubtedly the main attraction of Campania, but the hinterland deserves some attention, too. Ancient pathways, some of them dating back 2000 years, giving access to the cores of the National and Regional Parks that contain several finds from the past, in an exceptional natural environment.
This land, kissed as it is by sun and sea, naturally boasts its own excellent and internationally-appreciated wines. A wide range of high-caliber reds of bold flavor are all for the tasting for lovers of the “blood of Bacchus,” who can follow the Wine Routes to experience nature, tradition and the best of all that is oenological. Old traditions show up at the many festivals and events organized all over the territory of Campania, which also hosts international cultural events.
The Ravello Festival takes place every year amidst the enchanted scenery of the Amalfi Coast; it is an unmissable event for those who want to be won over by the magic of great music set in an incomparably-beautiful background.
Campania is cheerful and radiant, well-known for the typical products from the land. Thanks to the sun, this region can boast the juiciest and tastiest tomatoes in the world that flavor the many local dishes and, last but not least, the famous pizza and calzone. The pizza maker who invented a tri-color pizza with tomato, mozzarella cheese and basil in honor of Queen Margherita of Savoy, became a legend; this pizza still survives with the traditional name of pizza Margherita.
Naples is also the homeland of Italian spaghetti. The sauces are numerous and all very tasty, but what matters the most is that the pasta is perfectly-cooked; the people of Naples are certified experts in this!
Another pride of this region is the dairy produce, with the famous buffalo mozzarella, masterfully produced in the areas of Mondragone, Battipaglia, Capua and Eboli.
The most typical desserts are Neapolitan through and through: crispy sfogliatelle with ricotta cheese, and babas soaked in (rum) liqueur.
The liqueurs? Limoncello of Sorrento and Campanian wines, from Taurasi to Aglianico, Greco di Tufo, Asprino d’Aversa, Lacrima Christi, Fiano and Solopaca, perhaps enjoyed with a Neapolitan meal on a terrace overlooking the sea and a beautiful Neapolitan song playing in the background.
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